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Enterprise recovery following natural disasters, Volume 1
 
Author:de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher; Country:World;
Date Stored:2010/04/13Document Date:2010/04/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Debt Markets; Banks & Banking Reform; Microfinance; Hazard Risk Management; Natural Disasters
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Finance
Rel. Proj ID:1W-Program Research Proposal In Finance -- -- P107616;Region:The World Region
Report Number:WPS5269Sub Sectors:General finance sector
Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5269Volume No:1

Summary: Using data from surveys of enterprises in Sri Lanka after the December 2004 tsunami, the authors undertake the first microeconomic study of the recovery of the private firms in a developing country following a major natural disaster. Disaster recovery in low-income countries is characterized by the prevalence of relief aid rather than of insurance payments; the data show this distinction has important consequences. The data indicate that aid provided directly to households correlates reasonably well with reported losses of household assets, but is uncorrelated with reported losses of business assets. Business recovery is found to be slower than commonly assumed, with disaster-affected enterprises lagging behind unaffected comparable firms more than three years after the disaster. Using data from random cash grants provided by the project, the paper shows that direct aid is more important in the recovery of enterprises operating in the retail sector than for those operating in the manufacturing and service sectors.

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