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Inequality of opportunity, income inequality and economic mobility : some international comparisons, Volume 1
Author:Brunori, Paolo; Ferreira, Francisco H. G.; Peragine, Vito; Country:World;
Date Stored:2013/01/07Document Date:2013/01/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Economic Theory & Research; Inequality; Equity and Development; Services & Transfers to Poor; Poverty Impact Evaluation
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Health and other social services
Rel. Proj ID:1W-Changeable Inequalities, Facts, Perceptions And Policies -- -- P132865;Region:The World Region
Report Number:WPS6304Sub Sectors:Other social services
Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6304TF No/Name:TF012968-KCPII
Volume No:1  

Summary: Despite a recent surge in the number of studies attempting to measure inequality of opportunity in various countries, methodological differences have so far prevented meaningful international comparisons. This paper presents a comparison of ex-ante measures of inequality of economic opportunity (IEO) across 41 countries, and of the Human Opportunity Index (HOI) for 39 countries. It also examines international correlations between these indices and output per capita, income inequality, and intergenerational mobility. The analysis finds evidence of a "Kuznets curve" for inequality of opportunity, and finds that the IEO index is positively correlated with overall income inequality, and negatively with measures of intergenerational mobility, both in incomes and in years of schooling. The HOI is highly correlated with the Human Development Index, and its internal measure of inequality of opportunity yields very different country rankings from the IEO measure.

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