Click here for search results
Using survey data to assess the distributional effects of trade policy
 
Author:Guido G. Porto; Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper series ; no. WPS 3137
Country:Argentina; Mercosur; Date Stored:2003/10/06
Document Date:2003/09/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
Language:EnglishRegion:Latin America & Caribbean
Report Number:WPS3137SubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Markets and Market Access; Economic Theory & Research; Payment Systems & Infrastructure; Labor Policies; Health Economics & Finance; Access to Markets
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: The author develops and applies a methodology to empirically explore the effects of trade policies on the distribution of income and poverty in developing countries. He uses a methodology based on two links-one connecting trade policies to prices, and another connecting prices to household welfare. The author applies the methodology to the study of the distributional effects of Mercosur on Argentine families. The main finding is that Mercosur benefits the average Argentine household across the entire income distribution. There is evidence of a pro-poor bias of the regional trade agreement: on average, poor households gain more from the reform than middle-income households, whereas the effects on rich families are positive but not statistically significant. Prior to the reform, Argentine trade policy protected the rich over the poor, and after the reform, granted some protection to the poor. As relative pre-Mercosur tariffs are higher on relatively skill-intensive goods, the tariff removals tend to benefit the poor over the rich. These findings indicate that trade reforms may actually help improve the distribution of income and reduce poverty in the country.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 41 pagesOfficial version*2.87 (approx.)
TextText version**
How To Order
Light-Weight Documents
Lighter (less MB) documents which may or may not be the final, official version
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 41 pagesWPS31370.35

* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/O32577JX20