Click here for search results
The heterogeneous effects of HIV testing
 
Author:Baird, Sarah; Gong, Erick; McIntosh, Craig; Ozler, Berk; Collection Title:Impact Evaluation series ; no. 123Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6823Paper is funded by the Knowledge for Change Program (KCP)
Country:Malawi; Date Stored:2014/03/31
Document Date:2014/03/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Gender and Health; HIV AIDS and Business; Disease Control & Prevention; Population Policies; HIV AIDSLanguage:English
Major Sector:Education; Health and other social servicesRel. Proj ID:MW-Ccts, Schooling, And Hiv/Aids Risk -- -- P109215;
Region:AfricaReport Number:WPS6823
Sub Sectors:Health; General education sectorTF No/Name:TF099295-Girl; TF092029-GENDER
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: An extensive multi-disciplinary literature examines the effects of learning one's HIV status on subsequent risky sexual behaviors. However, many of these studies rely on non-experimental designs; use self-reported outcome measures, or both. This study investigates the effects of a randomly assigned home based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) intervention on risky sexual behaviors and schooling investments among school-age females in Malawi. The study finds no overall effects on HIV, Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-2), or achievement test scores at follow-up. However, among the small group of individuals who tested positive for HIV, a large increase in the probability of contracting HSV-2 is found, with this effect stronger among those surprised by their test results. Similarly, those surprised by HIV-negative test results see a significant improvement in achievement test scores, consistent with increased returns to investments in human capital. The finding of increased HSV-2 prevalence among HIV-positive individuals suggests that the conventional wisdom that those who learn they are HIV-positive will adopt safer sexual practices should be treated with caution.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 38 pagesOfficial version*2.66 (approx.)
TextText version**
How To Order

See documents related to this project
* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/ZLKR9AKBW0