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Declining inequality in Latin America in the 2000s : the cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico
 
Author:Lustig, Nora; Lopez-Calva, Luis F.; Ortiz-Juarez, Eduardo; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6248
Country:Brazil; Mexico; Argentina; Date Stored:2012/10/23
Document Date:2012/10/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Rural Poverty Reduction; Inequality; Labor Policies; Labor Markets; Poverty Impact EvaluationLanguage:English
Region:Latin America & CaribbeanReport Number:WPS6248
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: Between 2000 and 2010, the Gini coefficient declined in 13 of 17 Latin American countries. The decline was statistically significant and robust to changes in the time interval, inequality measures, and data sources. In-depth country studies for Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico suggest two main phenomena underlie this trend: a fall in the premium to skilled labor and more progressive government transfers. The fall in the premium to skills resulted from a combination of supply, demand, and institutional factors. Their relative importance depends on the country.

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