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Evaluating public per-student subsidies to low-cost private schools : regression-discontinuity evidence from Pakistan
 
Author:Barrera-Osorio, Felipe; Raju, Dhushyanth; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5638
Country:Pakistan; Date Stored:2011/04/25
Document Date:2011/04/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Primary Education; Teaching and Learning; Tertiary Education; Secondary Education; Education For AllLanguage:English
Region:South AsiaReport Number:WPS5638
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: This study estimates the causal effects of a public per-student subsidy program targeted at low-cost private schools in Pakistan on student enrollment and schooling inputs. Program entry is ultimately conditional on achieving a minimum stipulated student pass rate (cutoff) in a standardized academic test. This mechanism for treatment assignment allows the application of regression-discontinuity (RD) methods to estimate program impacts at the cutoff. Data on two rounds of entry test takers (phase 3 and phase 4) are used. Modeling the entry process of phase-4 test takers as a sharp RD design, the authors find evidence of large positive impacts on the number of students, teachers, classrooms, and blackboards. Modeling the entry process of phase-3 test takers as a partially-fuzzy RD design given treatment crossovers, they do not find evidence of significant program impacts on outcomes of interest. The latter finding is likely due to weak identification arising from a small jump in the probability of treatment at the cutoff.

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