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Diasporas
 
Author:Beine, Michel; Docquier, Frederic; Ozden, Caglar; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 4984Paper is funded by the Knowledge for Change Program (KCP)
Country:World; Date Stored:2009/07/01
Document Date:2009/07/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Industry and trade
Rel. Proj ID:1W-Remittances And Household Surveys -- -- P092160;Region:The World Region
Report Number:WPS4984Sub Sectors:Other domestic and international trade
SubTopics:Voluntary and Involuntary Resettlement; International Migration; Human Migrations & Resettlements; Population Policies; AnthropologyTF No/Name:TF054731-KCP - HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND REMITTANCES; TF030807-JAPAN; TF055254-BNPP-TRADE:
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: Migration flows are shaped by a complex combination of self-selection and out-selection mechanisms. In this paper, the authors analyze how existing diasporas (the stock of people born in a country and living in another one) affect the size and human-capital structure of current migration flows. The analysis exploits a bilateral data set on international migration by educational attainment from 195 countries to 30 developed countries in 1990 and 2000. Based on simple micro-foundations and controlling for various determinants of migration, the analysis finds that diasporas increase migration flows, lower the average educational level and lead to higher concentration of low-skill migrants. Interestingly, diasporas explain the majority of the variability of migration flows and selection. This suggests that, without changing the generosity of family reunion programs, education-based selection rules are likely to have a moderate impact. The results are highly robust to the econometric techniques, accounting for the large proportion of zeros and endogeneity problems.

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