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Wind power development : economics and policies
Author:van Kooten, G. Cornelis; Timilsina, Govinda R.; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 4868Paper is funded by the Knowledge for Change Program (KCP)
Country:World; Date Stored:2009/03/18
Document Date:2009/03/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Energy Production and Transportation; Windpower; Environment and Energy Efficiency; Carbon Policy and Trading; Energy and EnvironmentLanguage:English
Major Sector:Energy and miningRel. Proj ID:1W-International & National Climate Mitigation -- -- P084595;
Region:The World RegionReport Number:WPS4868
Sub Sectors:General energy sectorTF No/Name:TF054654-KCP
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: This study reviews the prospects of wind power at the global level. Existing studies indicate that the earth's wind energy supply potential significantly exceeds global energy demand. Yet, only 1 percent of the global electricity demand is currently derived from wind power despite 40 percent annual growth in wind generating capacity over the past 25 years. More than 98 percent of total current wind power capacity is installed in the developed countries plus China and India. It has been estimated that wind power could supply 7 to 34 percent of global electricity needs by 2050. However, wind power faces a large number of technical, economic, financial, institutional, market, and other barriers. To overcome these barriers, many countries have employed various policy instruments, including capital subsidies, tax incentives, tradable energy certificates, feed-in tariffs, grid access guarantees and mandatory standards. Besides these policies, climate change mitigation initiatives resulting from the Kyoto Protocol (e.g., CO2-emission reduction targets in developed countries and the Clean Development Mechanism in developing countries) have played a significant role in promoting wind power.

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