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Exploring the links between HIV/AIDS, social capital, and development
 
Author:David, Antonio C.; Li, Carmen A.; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 4679
Country:Uganda; Estonia; World; Date Stored:2008/07/23
Document Date:2008/07/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Disease Control & Prevention; Inequality; Population Policies; HIV AIDS; Social CapitalLanguage:English
Region:Europe and Central Asia; The World Region; AfricaReport Number:WPS4679
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: This paper attempts to quantify the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on social capital with cross-country data. Using data from the World Values Survey, the authors estimate reduced-form regressions of the main determinants of social capital controlling for HIV prevalence, institutional quality, social distance, and economic indicators. The results obtained indicate that HIV prevalence affects social capital negatively. The empirical estimates suggest that a one standard deviation increase in HIV prevalence will lead to a decline of at least 1 percent in trust, controlling for other determinants of social capital. Moving from a country with a relatively low level of HIV prevalence, such as Estonia, to a country with a relatively high level, such as Uganda, there is a more than 11 percent point decline in social capital. These results are robust in a number of dimensions and highlight the empirical importance of an additional mechanism through which HIV/AIDS hinders the development process.

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