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Challenges to MDG achievement in low income countries : lessons from Ghana and Honduras
 
Author:Bussolo, Maurizio ; Medvedev, Denis ; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 4383
Country:Ghana; Honduras; Date Stored:2007/11/09
Document Date:2007/11/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Achieving Shared Growth; Public Sector Expenditure Policy; ; Population Policies; Public Sector EconomicsLanguage:English
Region:Africa; Latin America & CaribbeanReport Number:WPS4383
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: This paper summarizes the policy lessons from applications of the Maquette for MDG Simulations (MAMS) model to two low income countries: Ghana and Honduras. Results show that costs of MDGs achievement could reach 10-13 percent of GDP by 2015, although, given the observed low productivity in the provision of social services, significant savings may be realized by improving efficiency. Sources of financing also matter: foreign aid inflows can reduce international competitiveness through real exchange appreciation, while domestic financing can crowd out the private sector and slow poverty reduction. Spending a large share of a fixed budget on growth-enhancing infrastructure may mean sacrificing some human development, even if higher growth is usually associated with lower costs of social services. The pursuit of MDGs increases demand for skills: while this encourages higher educational attainments, in the short term this could lead to increased income inequality and a lower poverty elasticity of growth.

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