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Measuring poverty using qualitative perceptions of welfare, Volume 1
Author:Pradhan, Menno; Ravallion, Martin; Country:Jamaica; Nepal;
Date Stored:2000/02/24Document Date:1998/11/30
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Poverty Reduction Strategies; Achieving Shared Growth; Poverty Assessment; Poverty Lines; Health Monitoring & Evaluation; Inequality; Services & Transfers to Poor; Public Health Promotion
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:(Historic)Social Protection
Region:South Asia; Latin America & CaribbeanReport Number:WPS2011
Sub Sectors:Other Social ProtectionCollection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 2011
Volume No:1  

Summary: The authors show how subjective poverty lines can be derived using simple qualitative assessments of perceived consumption adequacy, based on a household survey. Respondents were asked whether their consumption of food, housing, and clothing was adequate for their family's needs. The author's approach, by identifying the subjective poverty line without the usual "minimum-income question," offers wide applications in developing country settings. They implement it using survey data for Jamaica and Nepal. The implied subjective poverty lines are robust to alternative methods of dealing with other components of consumption, for which the subjective "adequacy" question was not asked. The aggregate poverty rates based on subjective poverty lines come close to those based on independent "objective" poverty lines. There are notable differences, however, when geographic and demographic poverty profiles are constructed.

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