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Estimating the endogenously determined intrahousehold balance of power and its impact on expenditure pattern : evidence from Nepal, Volume 1
 
Author:Koolwal, Gayatri; Ray, Ranjan; Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper series ; no. WPS 2814
Country:Niger; Date Stored:2002/04/19
Document Date:2002/03/31Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Economic Theory & Research; Housing & Human Habitats; Poverty Lines; Health Monitoring & Evaluation; Gender and Social Development; Public Health Promotion; AnthropologyLanguage:English
Major Sector:(Historic)Social ProtectionRegion:Africa
Report Number:WPS2814Sub Sectors:Other Social Protection
Volume No:1  

Summary: The collective approach to household behavior relaxes the restrictive features of the unitary model by specifying household welfare as a weighted combination of the individuals' utilities. But the weights are assumed fixed or exogenous to the analysis. The authors extend the collective approach by proposing and estimating a framework where the weights are determined and simultaneously estimated with the household outcomes. The authors present Nepalese evidence that suggests that a woman's share of household earnings understates her "power" in making household decisions. An increase in the woman's educational experience leads to a rise in her bargaining power. The results also reveal some interesting nonmonotonic relationships between a woman's "power" and the household's expenditure outcomes.

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