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50 years of urbanization in Africa : examining the role of climate change
Author:Henderson, J. Vernon; Storeygard, Adam; Deichmann, Uwe; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6925
Country:Africa; Date Stored:2014/06/16
Document Date:2014/06/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Water Conservation; Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases; Climate Change Economics; Population Policies; Science of Climate ChangeLanguage:English
Major Sector:Public Administration, Law, and JusticeRel. Proj ID:1W-Moving To Density - Urbanization In Developing Countries -- -- P126031;
Region:AfricaReport Number:WPS6925
Sub Sectors:General public administration sectorTF No/Name:TF099198-KCPII-Moving
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: This paper documents a significant impact of climate variation on urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa, primarily in more arid countries. By lowering farm incomes, reduced moisture availability encourages migration to nearby cities, while wetter conditions slow migration. The paper also provides evidence for rural-urban income links. In countries with a larger industrial base, reduced moisture shrinks the agricultural sector and raises total incomes in nearby cities. However, if local cities are entirely dependent on servicing agriculture so their fortunes move with those of agriculture, reduced moisture tends to reduce local urban incomes. Finally, the paper shows that climate induces employment changes within the rural sector itself. Drier conditions induce a shift out of farm activities, especially for women, into non-farm activities, and especially out of the workforce. Overall, these findings imply a strong link between climate and urbanization in Africa.

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