Summary: This report is based on seven papers for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 published in The Lancet (December 13, 2010; 380). This publication summarizes the global GBD 2010 findings as well as the regional findings for South Asia. It also explores intraregional differences in diseases, injuries, and risk factors. The overall findings for South Asia are summarized in the next section. Main findings for South Asia include the following: 1)The South Asia region has made overall progress in reducing mortality and prolonging life since 1970; however, some countries showed elevated rates of death within certain age groups and sex between 1990 and 2010 (e.g., heightened mortality rates among girls aged 10 to 14 in Sri Lanka); 2) over the last 20 years, most countries in the region have succeeded in decreasing premature death and disability from most communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal causes, with the exception of HIV/AIDS; 3) Although their relative burdens have substantially declined, communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal causes remained the top drivers of health loss in most South Asian countries, such as in low-income Bangladesh and Nepal and even in lower-middle-income India and Pakistan; 4) between 1990 and 2010, disease burden from many non-communicable causes increased, especially ischemic heart disease, stroke, diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders (including low back pain and neck pain), and major depressive disorders; 5) Many South Asian countries have suffered from increasing levels of health loss as a result of self-harm, especially India and Pakistan; 6) In South Asia, the leading causes of disability were similar to global trends; and 7) Dietary risks such as low consumption of fruit, nuts, and seeds and high sodium intake were leading risk factors for premature death and disability in South Asia.
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