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Inside inequality in the Arab Republic of Egypt : facts and perceptions across people, time, and space, Volume 1
Author:Verme, Paolo; Milanovic, Branko; Al-Shawarby, Sherine; El Tawila, Sahar; Gadallah, May; El-Majeed, Enas Ali A.; Country:Egypt, Arab Republic of;
Date Stored:2014/04/03Document Date:2014/01/01
Document Type:PublicationSubTopics:Rural Poverty Reduction; Trade Policy; Inequality; Services & Transfers to Poor; Poverty Impact Evaluation
Major Sector:Public Administration, Law, and JusticeRel. Proj ID:EG-Egypt-Income Inequality Study - Phase II -- -- P132357;
Region:Middle East and North AfricaReport Number:86473
Sub Sectors:Public administration- Other social servicesCollection Title:A World Bank study
Volume No:1  

Summary: Press coverage of the Egyptian revolution, both local and international, made frequent use of the word "inequality" to describe one of the factors that generated discontent. During the current transitional phase, two of the themes that are inspiring popular debates and political parties in the making are the questions of social justice and equality. Indeed, one of the puzzling aspects of this malaise about inequality is that the measurement of monetary inequality in the Arab Republic of Egypt by means of household surveys does not seem to match perceptions. The purpose of this study is to begin to elucidate this puzzle and provide a better understanding of income inequality in Egypt in its various dimensions. The authors have done this by first reviewing the literature on inequality in Egypt so as to put the study into context and better understand how inequality and the interest for inequality have evolved over the past 60 years. The authors tried to disentangle the global and spatial dimension of inequality by putting Egypt in its regional and global context and by delving into the complex structure of spatial inequality. This part of the study unveils some interesting features of inequality across areas, regions, and people. The authors reassessed the facts about income inequality by evaluating the quality of Egyptian data and by re-estimating all inequality figures. This analysis is followed by an analysis of inequality perceptions based on values surveys that allows contrasting facts with the perceptions and deriving important leads to the explanation of the facts-perceptions paradox. This report look into inequality into the poorest areas of Egypt to understand the nature of inequality among the poor and how low inequality can coexists with high poverty. By better understanding the nature of inequality, this part of the study provides some initial indications on policies that can be effective for poverty reduction. The report summarizes more in detail the findings of each part of the study.

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