Summary: Between 1972 and 2003, Bangladesh raised its dollar per capita income fourfold, reduced poverty by more than a third, increased life expectancy by more than 40 per cent, and enhanced gross primary enrolment by over 80 per cent. These remarkable development achievements compare favorably with outcomes in less developing countries. This progress, fighting against many odds in the form of frequent natural calamities and generally poor governance, is a testimony to the resilience and determination of a dynamic young nation and gives hope that with continued determined efforts Bangladeshis can look forward to further gains with development. The challenges in this twenty-first century are enormous, notwithstanding past progress. The past improvements in performance were obtained from a very low base in 1972 when Bangladesh gained independence. Thus, with a 400 dollars per capita income, Bangladesh is still amongst the poorest country in the world. The objective of this book is to contribute to this analysis and understanding of policies and institutions in Bangladesh. The book draws mostly on research done by current and former World Bank staff working in the South Asia Region. The book, a collected volume of papers, is organized thematically to maintain a logical flow.
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)