Summary: The overall objective of this comprehensive report is to consider Rwanda's budget support in the context of its overall public expenditure and resources to: (a) provide an overview of Rwanda's experience with budget support, reform measures, and its progress of budget harmonization, (b) provide the first comprehensive assessment of all of Rwanda's overall public expenditures and resources between 2004 and 2007, and (c) provide the first summary of public expenditure reviews and related analytical work undertaken in priority sectors, covering varying periods between 2000 and 2007. Following this introductory chapter, chapter two reviews: (a) general budget support relevance, rationale, and outstanding challenges in the context of Rwanda by providing a historical background of budget support; (b) Rwanda's progress in budget support- related processes and practices; (c) economic and structural reforms to date; and (d) budget support predictability trends. Chapter three then assesses the net resources available to the government of Rwanda and how these resources were spent. In this chapter, resources are broken down by domestic revenue (tax revenue, nontax revenue, and other sources), external funding (grants and loans), and other financial resources; expenses are broken down by recurrent expenditures (operational expenditures, interest and commission, reimbursement of public debt, and subsidies and recurrent transfers), capital expenditures and net lending, and arrears. Chapter four follows with a detailed review of resource allocations and spending among the government's ministries, including its transfers to districts. Public expenditures are broken down according to the structure of the Organic Budget Law, considering recurrent and development spending by ministry and economic classifications. Chapter five reviews all sectors-not only ministerial expenditures, but also other sector?related spending across ministries and other expenditures that contribute to a sector but are not part of central?government spending. Chapter six summarizes the report, addresses outstanding challenges, and offers concluding remarks.
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