Click here for search results
The political economy of poverty, equity, and growth in Egypt and Turkey, Volume 1
 
Author:Hansen, Bent; Country:Turkey; Egypt, Arab Republic of;
Date Stored:2002/09/12Document Date:1991/12/31
Document Type:PublicationSubTopics:Governance Indicators; Achieving Shared Growth; Environmental Economics & Policies; Economic Theory & Research; Health Monitoring & Evaluation
ISBN:ISBN 0-19-520825-0Language:English
Major Sector:(Historic)Economic PolicyRegion:Europe and Central Asia; Middle East and North Africa
Report Number:10368Sub Sectors:(Historic)Macro/non-trade
Collection Title:A World Bank Comparative StudyVolume No:1

Summary: The author compares the secular Islamic countries of Egypt and Turkey, both part of the Ottoman Empire around World War I. At that time both had similar levels of population, income and development. After independence, both followed an etatist development strategy, choosing to base their industrialization on import substitution and to expand their public sectors. As a result of that strategy, the author argues, the growth of productivity has been constrained in both countries. Although etatism was abandoned in Turkey in 1980, it continues in Egypt, with a huge and growing bureaucracy blocking reform. The roles of the military and of the two leading autocrats - Ataturk in Turkey and Nasser in Egypt - are contrasted to show how the differences in these military regimes affected their political and economic evolution. By analyzing the similarities and the differences between the two countries, the author reveals how real wages, economic policy, agricultural pricing, and consumer subsidies can be explained by the deeper forces of political economy. The detailed analysis of the evolution of the two economies includes discussion of land distribution, labor and product markets, and social development. An analysis of political developments during the period of democracy in Egypt from 1923 to 1952 and Turkey since 1950 is also included.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 592 pagesOfficial version*41.44 (approx.)
TextText version**
How To Order

* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/IBGY8Q2C90