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Syria and the CGIAR centers : a study of their collaboration in agricultural research, Volume 1
 
Author:El-Akhrass, Hisham; Collection Title:Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research study paper ; no. CGR 13
Country:Syrian Arab Republic; Date Stored:2002/09/12
Document Date:1986/09/30Document Type:Publication
SubTopics:Scientific Research & Science Parks; Agricultural Research; Crops and Crop Management Systems; Science Education; Agricultural Knowledge and Information SystemsISBN:ISBN 0-8213-0822-X
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Agriculture, fishing, and forestry
Region:Middle East and North AfricaReport Number:CGR13
Sub Sectors:(Historic)Other agricultureVolume No:1

Summary: The agricultural research system in Syria is composed of several agencies with no coordination between them. Two directorates of the Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform (MAAR), the Scientific Agricultural Research Directorate (SARD) and the Soils Directorate (SD) conduct most of the research work. Other research bodies focus on commodities. For the International Center for the Improvement of Maize and Wheat (CIMMYT), these activities include the utilization of germplasm for wheat and maize cultivation as well as the annual provision of training opportunities. The strategy of the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) has followed two directions: first, it has emphasized the building up of Syria's research capacity; and second, it has stressed the importance of increasing the productivity of dry-farming crops, especially barley and chickpea. A collaborative Research and Training Program, agreed upon by MAAR and ICARDA, has been the vehicle used to implement ICARDA's strategy. Under the program, new varieties of wheat, barley and chickpea have been developed; some of them have been prematurely released and need further verification. Research on farm practices is promising, but understandably more time is needed for concrete results.

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