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Child growth, shocks, and food aid in rural Ethiopia
 
Author:Takashi Yamano; Harold Alderman; Luc Christiaensen; Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper series ; no. WPS 3128
Country:Ethiopia; Date Stored:2003/09/08
Document Date:2003/08/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:School Health; Poverty Lines; Food & Beverage Industry; Food & Nutrition Policy; Gender and Development; Development Economics & Aid EffectivenessLanguage:English
Region:AfricaReport Number:WPS3128
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: Over the past decades child stunting in Ethiopia has persisted at alarming rates. While the country experienced several droughts during this period, it also received enormous amounts of food aid, leading some to question the effectiveness of food aid in reducing child malnutrition. Using nationally representative household surveys from 1995-96 and controlling for program placement, Yamano, Alderman, and Christiaensen find that children between 6 and 24 months experienced about 0.9 cm less growth over a six-month period in communities where half the crop area was damaged compared with those without crop damage. Food aid was also found to have a substantial effect on the growth of children in this age group. And on average, the total amount of food aid appeared to be sufficient to protect children against plot damage, an encouraging sign that food aid can act as an effective insurance mechanism, though its cost-effectiveness needs further investigation.

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