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Employing skilled expatriates : benchmarking skilled immigration regimes across economies, Volume 1
 
Author:De Smet, Dieter; Country:World;
Date Stored:2013/11/18Document Date:2013/11/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Voluntary and Involuntary Resettlement; International Migration; Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases; Human Migrations & Resettlements; Tertiary Education
Language:EnglishRegion:The World Region
Report Number:WPS6708Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6708
Volume No:1  

Summary: The Employing Skilled Expatriates indicators analyze the skilled immigration regime relevant for foreign direct investment across 93 economies to provide comparable information about this regulatory space. The indicators focus on restrictions that control the inflow of skilled immigrants (quotas); the ease of hiring skilled expatriates (time and procedural steps to obtain a temporary work permit, existence of online application systems, availability of a one-stop shop and fast-tracking option); and the existence of a path to permanent residency and citizenship as well as the existence of spousal work permits. As governments increasingly seek to attract foreign direct investment as a driver of long-term development, reforming the investment climate -- including the skilled immigration regime -- is one policy option to consider. This analysis shows a positive correlation between the Employing Skilled Expatriates index and foreign direct investment inflows. As measured by the Employing Skilled Expatriates index, there is room for economies with a need for skilled workers to improve their immigration regimes as one means of attracting more foreign direct investment. In Singapore and the Republic of Korea, it only takes ten days on average to obtain a temporary work permit. In Honduras, the same process can take up to 22 weeks. The global average to obtain a temporary work permit is eight weeks. The process is the fastest in the East Asia and the Pacific region where it takes five weeks. With 11 weeks, the processing time in the Middle East and North Africa region is the slowest.

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