Click here for search results
More relatively-poor people in a less absolutely-poor world
 
Author:Chen, Shaohua; Ravallion, Martin; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6114Paper is funded by the Knowledge for Change Program (KCP)
Country:World; Date Stored:2012/07/02
Document Date:2012/07/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Regional Economic Development; Achieving Shared Growth; Rural Poverty Reduction; Services & Transfers to PoorLanguage:English
Major Sector:Public Administration, Law, and Justice; Health and other social servicesRel. Proj ID:1W-Global Poverty Estimates -- -- P115721;
Region:The World RegionReport Number:WPS6114
Sub Sectors:Other social services; Law and justiceVolume No:1 of 1

Summary: Relative deprivation, shame and social exclusion can matter to the welfare of people everywhere. The authors argue that such social effects on welfare call for a reconsideration of how we assess global poverty, but they do not support standard measures of relative poverty. The paper argues instead for using a weakly-relative measure as the upper-bound complement to the lower-bound provided by a standard absolute measure. New estimates of global poverty are presented, drawing on 850 household surveys spanning 125 countries over 1981-2008. The absolute line is $1.25 a day at 2005 prices, while the relative line rises with the mean, at a gradient of 1:2 above $1.25 a day. The authors show that these parameter choices are consistent with cross-country data on national poverty lines. The results indicate that the incidence of both absolute and weakly-relative poverty in the developing world has been falling since the 1990s, but more slowly for the relative measure. While the number of absolutely poor has fallen, the number of relatively poor has changed little since the 1990s, and is higher in 2008 than 1981.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 42 pagesOfficial version*2.94 (approx.)
TextText version**
How To Order

See documents related to this project
* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/PS2IGGR8T0