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War and women's work : evidence from the conflict in Nepal
 
Author:Menon, Nidhiya; Rodgers, Yana van der Meulen; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5745
Country:Nepal; Date Stored:2011/08/01
Document Date:2011/08/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Regional Economic Development; Rural Poverty Reduction; Population Policies; Labor Markets; Gender and LawLanguage:English
Region:South AsiaReport Number:WPS5745
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: This paper examines how Nepal's 1996-2006 civil conflict affected women's decisions to engage in employment. Using three waves of the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, the authors employ a difference-in-difference approach to identify the impact of war on women's employment decisions. The results indicate that as a result of the Maoist-led insurgency, women's employment probabilities were substantially higher in 2001 and 2006 relative to the outbreak of war in 1996. These employment results also hold for self-employment decisions, and they hold for smaller sub-samples that condition on husband's migration status and women's status as widows or household heads. Numerous robustness checks of the difference-in-difference estimates based on alternative empirical methods provide compelling evidence that women's likelihood of employment increased as a consequence of the conflict.

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