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Trade and trade finance developments in 14 developing countries post September 2008 - a World Bank survey, Volume 1
 
Author:Malouche, Mariem; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5138
Country:World; Date Stored:2009/11/20
Document Date:2009/11/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Access to Finance; Emerging Markets; Economic Theory & Research; Banks & Banking Reform; Debt MarketsLanguage:English
Region:The World RegionReport Number:WPS5138
Volume No:1  

Summary: In the aftermath of the Lehman Brothers collapse in September 2008, drop in the supply of trade finance, a critical engine for trade transactions, has become an acute concern for the development community. Banks were increasing pricing on trade finance transactions to cover increased funding costs and higher credit risks, and trade was dropping drastically in most countries, with global trade projected to decline in 2009 for the first time in decades. Yet, little was known about the real impact of the crisis on developing country’s capacity to export. The World Bank has commissioned a firm and bank survey on trade and trade finance developments in developing countries during the first quarter of 2009 to collect field information. In total, 425 firms and 78 banks were surveyed in 14 developing countries across five regions. This paper summarizes the findings of the survey as well as discusses the type of policies governments and international organizations put in place to mitigate the impact of the crisis. In sum, the survey findings confirmed that the global financial crisis has constrained trade finance for exporters and importers in developing countries. But the impact varied by the firm size, sectoral activity, and countries’ integration into the global economy. In particular, SMEs were particularly affected, and export diversification was made more difficult, especially in low income countries. Nevertheless, drop in demand has emerged as the top concern of firms at the time when the survey was conducted in March-April 2009.

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