Click here for search results
Korea and the BICs (Brazil, India and China) : catching up experiences, Volume 1
Author:V. Chandra; Osorio-Rodarte , I.; Braga, C. A. Primo; Country:Brazil; Korea, Republic of; China; India;
Date Stored:2009/10/27Document Date:2009/10/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Economic Theory & Research; Water and Industry; Knowledge for Development; Labor Policies; E-Business
Language:EnglishRegion:East Asia and Pacific; South Asia; Latin America & Caribbean
Report Number:WPS5101Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5101
Volume No:1  

Summary: This paper tests a neo-Schumpeterian model with industry-level data to analyze how Brazil, India, and China are catching up with South Korea’s technological frontier in a globalized world. The paper validates Aghion et al.’s inverted-U hypothesis that industries that are closer to the technological frontier innovate to escape competition while longer distances discourage innovating. It suggests that for effective catching up, distance-shortening (or innovation-enhancing) policies may be a necessary complement to liberalization. South Korea and China combined a variety of distance-shortening policies with financial subsidies to promote high tech industries and an export-led growth strategy. Post-liberalization, they leveraged swift competition to spur catch-up. In comparison, Brazil, which was as rich as South Korea, and India, which was as rich as China in 1980, are catching up more slowly. Import-substitution industrialization strategies saddled Brazil and India with a large anti-export bias, and unfocused attention to innovation-enhancing policies dampened global competitiveness. Post liberalization, many of their industries were too far behind the technological frontier to effectively benefit from competition. The catch-up experiences of Brazil, India, and China with South Korea illustrate that distance from the technological frontier matters and that the design of country-specific distance- shortening policies can be an important complement to trade liberalization in promoting catching up with richer countries.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 43 pagesOfficial version*3.01 (approx.)
TextText version**
How To Order

* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.

Permanent URL for this page: