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Child labor, school attendance, and indigenous households : evidence from Mexico, Volume 1
 
Author:Bando, Rosangela; Lopez-Calva, Luis F.; Patrinos, Harry Anthony; Country:Mexico;
Date Stored:2005/02/18Document Date:2005/01/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Children and Youth; Child Labor; Street Children; Labor Policies; Youth and Governance; Public Health Promotion
Language:EnglishRegion:Latin America & Caribbean
Report Number:WPS3487Collection Title:Policy, Research working papers ; WPS 3487
Volume No:1  

Summary: The authors use panel data for Mexico for 1997 to 1999 to test several assumptions regarding the impact of a conditional cash transfer program on child labor, emphasizing the differential impact on indigenous households. Using data from the conditional cash transfer program in Mexico PROGRESA (OPORTUNIDADES) they investigate the interaction between child labor and indigenous households. While indigenous children had a greater probability of working in 1997, this probability is reversed after treatment in the program. Indigenous children also had lower school attainment compared with Spanish-speaking or bilingual children. After the program, school attainment among indigenous children increased, reducing the gap.

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