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Management of water resources : bulk water pricing in Brazil, Volume 1
Author:Asad, Musa; Gabriel Azevedo, Luiz; Kemper, Karin E.; Simpson, Larry D.; Collection Title:World Bank technical paper ; no. WTP 432
Country:Germany; Netherlands; Brazil; Colombia; United States; Mexico; France; Australia; Chile; India; South Africa; Date Stored:2002/10/22
Document Date:1999/06/30Document Type:Publication
SubTopics:Water Use; Water Conservation; Town Water Supply and Sanitation; Water and Industry; Water Supply and Sanitation Governance and InstitutionsISBN:ISBN 0-8213-4437-4
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Water, sanitation and flood protection
Region:Europe and Central Asia; East Asia and Pacific; Africa; South Asia; Latin America & Caribbean; OTHReport Number:WTP432
Sub Sectors:(Historic)Other water supply and sanitationVolume No:1

Summary: This document compares analytical work done on Brazil with the experience of bulk water pricing in other countries to arrive at practical recommendations for determining fair bulk water pricing in Brazil. Adequate pricing of bulk water is critical to ensure efficient allocation of water, and to properly fund the maintenance and operation costs involved with collecting water at its natural source and distributing it to intermediate water users. Two central issues emerge from these discussions: How to finance the infrastructure and service of bulk water supply, and how pricing can be used to achieve efficient allocation and use of water as a resource. Attaining efficiency will lead to better allocation of water resources, which will reduce water losses caused by poor maintenance of water supply systems and inadequate attention to water contamination. Of the varied methods used to address these issues, public water allocation is regarded by the authors as being the least effective and efficient when you compare relevant international experiences. Although Brazil has recognized the need for bulk water pricing, it has not yet established an overall framework of regulations and pricing mechanisms. Without such a framework, the willingness to establish appropriate water pricing mechanisms may descend.

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