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Mine closure and its impact on the community : five years after mine closure in Romania, Russia and Ukraine, Volume 1
Author:Haney, Michael; Shkaratan, Maria; Country:Romania; Russian Federation; Ukraine;
Date Stored:2003/11/19Document Date:2003/06/30
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Municipal Financial Management; Mining & Extractive Industry (Non-Energy); Public Health Promotion; Banks & Banking Reform; Environmental Economics & Policies; Health Monitoring & Evaluation
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Energy and mining
Region:Europe and Central AsiaReport Number:WPS3083
Sub Sectors:Mining and other extractiveCollection Title:Policy, Research working paper series ; no. WPS 3083
Volume No:1  

Summary: Against the backdrop of economic transition, several countries in Eastern Europe have undertaken far-reaching programs to restructure their coal sectors, which in the 1990s were in a state of deep crisis. One aspect of restructuring has been the closure of loss-making mines, which are often located in communities where the coal industry is the dominant employer, and the significant downsizing of the workforce. Mitigation efforts that are implemented at the time of mine closure (such as severance payments) are usually intended only for the laid-off workers. The authors examine the impact of mine closure on the entire community five years after mine closure in Romania, Russia, and Ukraine. Using quantitative and qualitative research methods and based on interviews with national, regional, and local experts, and members of the affected population, the authors describe the effect of mine closure and evaluate the various mitigation efforts that have been used by governments in such cases. They conclude with policy recommendations of broad relevance to programs of industrial restructuring in communities dominated by a single industry.

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