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Agricultural support policies in transition economies, Volume 1
Author:Valdes, Alberto [editor]; Country:Ukraine; Poland; Turkey; Dominica; Bulgaria; Romania; Russian Federation;
Date Stored:2002/10/22Document Date:2000/05/31
Document Type:PublicationSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Economic Theory & Research; Markets and Market Access; Banks & Banking Reform; Access to Markets
ISBN:ISBN 0-8213-4771-3Language:English
Major Sector:Agriculture, fishing, and forestryRegion:Europe and Central Asia; Latin America & Caribbean
Report Number:WTP470Sub Sectors:(Historic)Other agriculture
Collection Title:World Bank technical paper ; no. WTP 470. Europe and Central Asia environmentally and socially sustainable development seriesVolume No:1

Summary: This report presents the findings of a study which examined agricultural price and trade interventions, and their impact on farm income, consumers' real income, and the government budget for the period 1994-97 in Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine. Germany and Turkey were also included in the study for comparative purposes. The report begins with a synthesis of the multi-country investigation, presenting the authors estimates of various agricultural support indicators for the period beginning in 1994 until 1997, roughly corresponding to the second and most recent phase of the reform period. Second, it analyzes the impact of trade and price policy interventions and of government non-price-related subsidies on production incentives and on the net income of farmers. This chapter examines how and to what extent governments in transition economies intervened to support agriculture, and through which policy instruments. Third, this chapter asks to what extent the economic environment prevailing in 1994-97 provided an appropriate and sound basis for adjustment towards a more internationally competitive agricultural sector. The second part of the report presents a detailed discussion of the agricultural trade and price regime in each of the countries that prevailed in the period considered. A data file is available with the relevant annual data used for the analysis.

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