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Integrated coastal zone management of coral reefs : decision support modeling, Volume 1
Author:Gustavson, Kent; Huber, Richard M.; Ruitenbeek, Jack [editors]; Country:Latin America; World; Caribbean;
Date Stored:2002/11/23Document Date:2000/02/29
Document Type:PublicationSubTopics:Water Conservation; Tourism and Ecotourism; Coastal and Marine Resources; Water Resources Assessment; Health Monitoring & Evaluation
ISBN:ISBN 0-8213-4628-8Language:English
Major Sector:(Historic)EnvironmentRegion:The World Region; South Asia; Latin America & Caribbean
Report Number:20263Sub Sectors:(Historic)Natural resources management
Collection Title: * ESSD Environmentally & Socially Sustainable Development Work in ProgressVolume No:1

Summary: Coral reefs, also referred to as "rainforests of the sea", are vital to the source of food and livelihood of millions of people. However, in 1997 and 1998 elevated sea surface temperature in many tropical regions triggered widespread bleaching and the heaviest mortality of corals. This research focused on three case study sites: Montego Bay, Jamaica, the south coast of Curacao, and the Maldives, with primary attention being paid to Montego Bay. Montego Bay Marine Park is a bold experiment initiated in 1992. The Park Trust, a non-governmental organization, was given authority to manage the park. The Trust and user groups took great interest in the research. Overall, the research calls for greater emphasis on: 1) socioeconomic concerns and clarification of property rights, involving the promotion of practical local management regimes that involve affected stakeholders in the resource base; 2) institutional strengthening to participate in potential bioprospecting benefits; and 3) ecosystem analysis, focusing on functional linkages and relationships and protection of critical ecosystems. The book concludes that better integration of integrated coastal zone management requires: a) building consensus on national coastal management priorities; b) supporting innovative local initiatives; c) developing quantifiable indicators of change in the coastal zone; and d) strengthening institutional capacity and partnerships in the form of international maritime agreements.

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