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World Development Report 1997 - the state in a changing world
 
Author:Chhibber, Ajay; Commander, Simon; Evans, Alison; Fuhr, Harald; Kane, Cheikh; Leechor, Chad; Levy, Brian; Pradhan, Sanjay; Weder, Beatrice; Country:World;
Date Stored:2007/06/20Document Date:1997/06/30
Document Type:World Development ReportSubTopics:Governance Indicators; Environmental Economics & Policies; National Governance; Banks & Banking Reform; Health Economics & Finance
Language:RussianMajor Sector:(Historic)Economic Policy
Region:The World RegionReport Number:17300
Sub Sectors:(Historic)Macro/non-tradeVolume No:1 of 1

Summary: This is the twentieth in the annual series assessing major development issues. The report is devoted to the role and effectiveness of the state: what it should do, how it should do it, and how it can improve in a rapidly changing world. Governments with both centrally-planned and mixed economies are shrinking their market role because of failed state interventions. This report takes an opposite stance: that state's role in the institutional environment underlying the economy, that is, its ability to enforce a rule of law to underpin transactions, is vital to making government contribute more effectively to development. It argues against reducing government to a minimalist state, explaining that development requires an effective state that plays a facilitator role in encouraging and complementing the activities of private businesses and individuals. The report presents a state reform framework strategy: First, focus the state's activities to match its capabilities; and second, look for ways to improve the state's capability by re-invigorating public institutions. Successful and unsuccessful examples of states and state reform provide illustrations.

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