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Political leadership, conflict, and the prospects for constitutional peace, Volume 1
 
Author:Jennings, Colin; Country:World;
Date Stored:2007/04/09Document Date:2007/04/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Education and Society; Post Conflict Reintegration; Social Conflict and Violence; Peace & Peacekeeping; Services & Transfers to Poor
Language:EnglishRegion:The World Region
Report Number:WPS4196Collection Title:Post-Conflict Transitions working paper ; no. PC 9Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 4196
Volume No:1  

Summary: The emphasis on constitutional political economy has been that new rules and institutions can be devised that improve the welfare of a society. Given the number of societies that are infected with political conflict and, as a result, lower levels of welfare, this paper attempts to analyze why we do not see more constitutional conventions aimed at eliminating conflict. The key idea is that expressively motivated group members may create incentives for instrumentally motivated group leaders such that it leads them to choose conflict rather than compromise. Nonetheless, it is not argued that such a peace is impossible to obtain. This leads to a further question, that if such a constitutional agreement could be found, would the expressive perspective alter the conventional instrumental perspective on the sort of constitutional reform that should be undertaken?

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