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The agrarian economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States - Situation and Perspectives, 1997, Volume 1
Author:Csaki, Csaba; Nash, John; Country:Georgia; Moldova; Turkmenistan; Latvia; Armenia; Albania; Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of; Slovenia; Ukraine; Azerbaijan; Slovak Republic; Poland; Estonia; Croatia; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyz Republic; Romania; Belarus; Russian Federation; Bulgaria; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Hungary;
Date Stored:2002/09/17Document Date:1998/06/30
Document Type:PublicationSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Economic Theory & Research; Agricultural Research; Agricultural Knowledge and Information Systems; Rural Land Policies for Poverty Reduction
ISBN:ISBN 0-8213-4238-XLanguage:English
Major Sector:Agriculture, fishing, and forestryRegion:Europe and Central Asia
Report Number:WDP387Sub Sectors:(Historic)Agro-industry and marketing
Collection Title:World Bank discussion paper ; no. WDP 387Volume No:1

Summary: The agrarian economies of Central Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union are undergoing a systemic change and transformation. The region's agrarian economy is still struggling to adjust to economic reality. The region has a substantial part of the world's agricultural resources. Yet despite abundant natural resources, the region'still plays a small role in the world food trade. Overall the region continues to be a net importer of agricultural products. Perhaps the most significant structural change is that the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries, and Russia, in particular, have become one of the world's biggest meat importing regions. In place of massive grain imports characteristic of the Soviet period, Russia now mainly buys meat. In the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), the process of sector transformation will probably be completed within the next four or five years. Together with the anticipated acceleration of general economic development, this could lead to the stabilization of food production, more efficient production, and a greater upswing driven by potential comparative advantages. It is far more difficult to predict changes in the CIS countries. It seems probable that further difficult years lie ahead for the sector in this region, compounded by the struggle between conservative and progressive forces. The reforms in many of these countries will probably continue to advance only slowly.

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