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The role of the private sector in education in Vietnam : evidence from the Vietnam Living Standards Survey, Volume 1
Author:Glewwe, Paul; Patrinos, Harry Anthony; Country:Vietnam;
Date Stored:2003/01/24Document Date:1998/03/31
Document Type:PublicationSubTopics:Primary Education; Teaching and Learning; Education Reform and Management; Health Monitoring & Evaluation; Gender and Education
ISBN:ISBN 0-8213-4167-7Language:English
Major Sector:EducationRegion:East Asia and Pacific
Report Number:LSM132Sub Sectors:(Historic)Other education
Collection Title:Living standards measurement study (LSMS) working paper ; no. LSM 132Volume No:1

Summary: This paper uses data from the 1992-93 Vietnam Living Standards Survey (VLSS) to examine the nature of private schooling in Vietnam. Although the number of private schools is small, it is growing in both urban and rural areas, and the cost to parents of most private schools is not much higher than the cost of attending public schools. At a more general level, this paper demonstrates how detailed household survey data can be used to understand schooling choices in developing countries. Estimates of the determinants of the choice among public, private and semi-public schools indicate that better off households are less likely to send their children to semi-public schools but more likely to send them to private schools. Results also suggest that the marginal cost to households of switching from public to private schools may be small. No significant effects of religion or ethnicity are found. Wage regressions indicate that individuals who attended private school receive higher wages than individuals with the same level of school attainment from public schools. The importance of parental education as a determinant of children's ultimate attainment is confirmed. One implication is that any targeting efforts, such as voucher or scholarship provisions, should consider using parental education to determine eligibility.

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