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Information technology and national trade facilitation : making the most of global trade, Volume 1
 
Author:Schware, Robert; Kimberley, Paul; Collection Title:World Bank technical paper ; no. WTP 316
Country:Taiwan, China; Brazil; Hong Kong SAR, China; Mauritius; Singapore; Hungary; Date Stored:2002/10/22
Document Date:1995/11/30Document Type:Publication
SubTopics:Common Carriers Industry; Environmental Economics & Policies; Economic Theory & Research; General Technology; Transport and Trade LogisticsISBN:ISBN 0-8213-3533-2
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:(Historic)Private Sector Development
Region:Europe and Central Asia; East Asia and Pacific; Africa; Latin America & Caribbean; OTHReport Number:WTP316
Sub Sectors:(Historic)Business environmentVolume No:1

Summary: The focus of this report is on world wide experience and identification of factors which make for trade facilitation through successful application of information technology (IT). Economic advantages from best practice based on the use of electronic commerce in trade management and trade facilitation are described and several case studies referenced. The case studies cover national, industry and enterprise level experiences from several countries. An analysis of information and cargo flows in international trade accompanies a discussion of the efficiency of transport and logistics and the concept of IT based best practice, with particular emphasis on electronic commerce and Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). The opportunities for these technologies to open up world trade are considered, as are the technologies and services themselves. Barriers to use and participation are discussed and means by which these may be overcome. The task, time scales and costs involved in setting up and implementing a national initiative are identified, as are the potential revenue streams which accompany service provision, and the national benefits of such a program. A selection of national case studies is prefaced by a global review of participation in IT assisted trade facilitation and best practice. National case studies from Brazil, Hong Kong, Hungary, Singapore and Taiwan are followed by a status report of the World Bank's experience in this area, with particular reference to the Mauritius model. The summary contains a discussion of the main challenges and dangers resulting from technological disenfranchisement, followed by a comprehensive list of participating agencies and organizations.

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