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Structural adjustment and living conditions in developing countries, Volume 1
Author:Kakwani, Nanak; Makonnen, Elene; van der Gaag, Jacques; Date Stored:2001/04/27
Document Date:1990/08/31Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Economic Theory & Research; Poverty Assessment; Inequality; Health Economics & FinanceLanguage:English
Major Sector:(Historic)Economic PolicyReport Number:WPS467
Sub Sectors:Macro/Non-TradeCollection Title:Policy, Research, and External Affairs working paper ; no. WPS 467. Welfare and human resources
Volume No:1  

Summary: The authors compare trends in per capita private consumption, social sector indicators, and government spending in the social sectors, between countries that received Bank adjustment loans and countries that did not. They point out that there is little reason to believe that the poor are being hurt by adjustment because absorption is reduced. But there is still cause for concern : real per capita spending in the social sectors decreased in many countries, especially those adjusting intensely. Improving the living conditions of the poor calls for growth oriented policies, the effects of which will be felt only in the long run. During adjustment, immediate interventions are needed to mitigate short run welfare losses experienced by readily identifiable groups.

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