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Recent trends and prospects for agricultural commodity exports in sub-Saharan Africa, Volume 1
Author:Takamasa Akiyama; Larson, Donald F.; Country:Africa;
Date Stored:1989/12/01Document Date:1989/12/31
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Export Competitiveness; Crops and Crop Management Systems; Economic Theory & Research; Free Trade
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Agriculture, fishing, and forestry
Region:AfricaReport Number:WPS348
Sub Sectors:Other AgricultureCollection Title:Policy, Planning and Research Department working papers ; no. WPS 348
Volume No:1  

Summary: Sub - Sahran African (SSA) countries have seen sharp declines in their shares of agricultural export markets. But their export dependence on the most important crops - coffee and cocoa - has increased. Comparisons in the region and with countries outside the region show the importance of appropriate exchange rates and producer pricing policies, as well as support for technological advancement, for good performance in these sectors. Some countries have successfully introduced changes in these policy areas. Changes are also needed in domestic marketing systems to enable flexible responses to market demands in such areas as quality. For their major agricultural export products - coffee, cocoa, cotton, groundnut oil, palm oil, sugar and tobacco - prospects for world market growth and for increases in SSA's market shares are generally only fair. So, without further policy changes to improve performance, the regions' agricultural income terms of trade for these commodities is expected to recover only slowly from the sharp decline after 1985.

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