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Winning hearts and minds through development ? evidence from a field experiment in Afghanistan, Volume 1
Author:Beath, Andrew; Christia, Fotini; Enikolopov, Ruben; Country:Afghanistan;
Date Stored:2012/07/12Document Date:2012/07/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Housing & Human Habitats; Subnational Economic Development; Labor Policies; Post Conflict Reconstruction; E-Business
Language:EnglishRegion:South Asia
Report Number:WPS6129Collection Title:Impact Evaluation series ; no. IE 67Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6129
Volume No:1  

Summary: In areas afflicted by civil conflict, development projects can potentially serve an important counterinsurgency function by redressing grievances of marginalized groups and reducing violence. Using a large-scale randomized field experiment in Afghanistan, this paper explores whether the inclusion of villages in the country's largest development program alters perceptions of well-being, attitudes toward government, and violence in surrounding areas. The results indicate that the program generally has a positive effect on all three measures, but has no effects in areas with high levels of initial violence. These findings demonstrate that development programs can buttress government support and limit the onset of insurgencies in relatively secure areas, but that their effectiveness is more constrained in areas where insurgents are already active.

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