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Farm sector restructuring in Belarus : progress and constraints, Volume 1
Author:Csaki, Csaba; Lerman, Zvi; Sotnikov, Sergey; Country:Belarus;
Date Stored:2002/10/22Document Date:2000/08/31
Document Type:PublicationSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Crops and Crop Management Systems; Livestock and Animal Husbandry; Banks & Banking Reform; Agricultural Knowledge and Information Systems
ISBN:ISBN 0-8213-4792-6Language:English
Major Sector:Agriculture, fishing, and forestryRegion:Europe and Central Asia
Report Number:WTP475Sub Sectors:(Historic)Other agriculture
Collection Title:World Bank technical paper ; no. WTP 475. Europe and Central Asia environmentally and socially sustainable development seriesVolume No:1

Summary: A farm-level survey was carried out in Belarus in the second half of 1999, providing a detailed examination of changes in the three main components of the farming sector - large farm enterprises, households of farm employees, and independent private farms. The report provides a description and analysis of the survey findings (Chapter 3-7), preceded by a general discussion of relevant policy and legal issues (Chapter 1-2). The report concludes with a review of reform experiences in other countries in the region, and suggests specific lessons that Belarus can learn from the regional experience (Chapter 8). The report suggests as a minimum a reform program should address the following five critical issues: 1) Drastic reduction of government intervention in agriculture, including abolition of price controls and procurement quotas; 2) allocation of secure land use rights to individuals instead of collectives, allowing freedom of choice in disposition of these rights; 3) ensuring transferability of use rights in land with the aim of achieving improved productivity and efficiency; 4) ensuring that farm enterprises undergo deep internal restructuring of their operations and accept pure business objectives based on profitability and productivity; and 5) adoption of a coherent debt settlement program for farm enterprises that undergo genuine restructuring and introduction of hard budget constraints with a tangible threat of bankruptcy for farms that default on new debt.

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