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True world income distribution, 1988 and 1993 - first calculations, based on household surveys alone, Volume 1
Author:Milanovic, Branko; Date Stored:1999/12/30
Document Date:1999/11/30Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Poverty Monitoring & Analysis; Economic Theory & Research; Inequality; Services & Transfers to Poor; Poverty Impact EvaluationLanguage:English
Major Sector:(Historic)Social ProtectionReport Number:WPS2244
Sub Sectors:Other Social ProtectionCollection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 2244
Volume No:1Related Dataset:World Income Distribution (WYD);

Summary: The author derives the distribution of individuals' income or expenditures for two years, 1988 and 1993. His is the first paper to calculate world distribution for individuals based entirely on data from household surveys. The data, from 91 countries, are adjusted for differences in purchasing power parity between the countries. Measured by the Gini Index, inequality increased from an already high 63 in 1988 to 66 in 1993. This increase was driven more by rising differences in mean incomes between countries than by rising inequalities within countries. Contributing most to the inequality were rising urban-rural differences in China and the slower growth of rural purchasing-power-adjusted incomes in South Asia than in several large developed market economies.

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