Click here for search results
Comparative advantage, international trade, and fertility
 
Author:Do, Quy-Toan; Levchenko, Andrei; Raddatz, Claudio; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6930
Country:World; Date Stored:2014/06/18
Document Date:2014/06/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Economic Theory & Research; Trade Policy; Labor Policies; Population Policies; Labor MarketsLanguage:English
Major Sector:Industry and tradeRel. Proj ID:1W-Globalization And The Gender Gap -- -- P146041;
Region:The World RegionReport Number:WPS6930
Sub Sectors:Other domestic and international tradeVolume No:1 of 1

Summary: This paper analyzes theoretically and empirically the impact of comparative advantage in international trade on fertility. It builds a model in which industries differ in the extent to which they use female relative to male labor and countries are characterized by Ricardian comparative advantage in either female labor or male labor intensive goods. The main prediction of the model is that countries with comparative advantage in female labor intensive goods are characterized by lower fertility. This is because female wages and therefore the opportunity cost of children are higher in those countries. The paper demonstrates empirically that countries with comparative advantage in industries employing primarily women exhibit lower fertility. The analysis uses a geography-based instrument for trade patterns to isolate the causal effect of comparative advantage on fertility.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 56 pagesOfficial version*3.92 (approx.)
TextText version**
How To Order

See documents related to this project
* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/JTVAMOZ8S0