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School Resource and Performance Inequality : evidence from the Philippines
 
Author:Yamauchi, Futoshi; Parandekar, Suhas; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6748
Country:Philippines; Date Stored:2014/01/16
Document Date:2014/01/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Primary Education; Teaching and Learning; Tertiary Education; Secondary Education; Education For AllLanguage:English
Region:East Asia and PacificReport Number:WPS6748
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: This paper examines inequality patterns of school and teacher resources as well as student performance in the Philippines. School and teacher resources, measured by pupil classroom and teacher ratios and per-pupil teacher salary, became more unequal over time. Strikingly, a large portion of the variation is attributed to their within-division distributions, especially the non-city areas in each province (rural schools), where pupil classroom and teacher ratios have significantly positive returns in terms of student test scores. Concavity built into the education production function implies that reallocation of teachers and classrooms within a division can potentially increase average test scores. The estimates also imply that it is optimal to deploy young, inexperienced teachers to rural schools and reassign them to urban schools when the teachers are more experienced.

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