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Policy barriers to international trade in services : evidence from a new database
 
Author:Borchert, Ingo; Gootiiz, Batshur; Mattoo, Aaditya; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6109
Country:World; Date Stored:2012/06/28
Document Date:2012/06/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Industry and trade
Rel. Proj ID:1W-Services Trade Research -- -- P110919;Region:The World Region
Report Number:WPS6109Sub Sectors:Other domestic and international trade
SubTopics:Public Sector Corruption & Anticorruption Measures; Transport Economics Policy & Planning; Trade and Services; Emerging Markets; Banks & Banking ReformTF No/Name:TF012605-Dissemination of the Services Trade Restrictions Database
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: Surprisingly little is known about policies that affect international trade in services. Previous analyses have focused on policy commitments made by countries in international agreements but these commitments do not in many cases reflect actual policy. This paper describes a new initiative to collect comparable information on services trade policies for 103 countries, across a range of service sectors and the relevant modes of service delivery. The resultant database reveals interesting patterns in policy. Across regions, some of the fastest growing countries in Asia and the oil-rich Gulf states have the most restrictive policies in services, whereas some of the poorest countries are remarkably open. Across sectors, professional and transportation services are among the most protected in both industrial and developing countries, while retail, telecommunications and even finance tend to be more open. An illustrative set of results suggests that trade policies matter for investment flows and access to services. In particular, restrictions on foreign acquisitions, discrimination in licensing, restrictions on the repatriation of earnings and lack of legal recourse all have a significant and sizable negative effect, reducing the expected value of sectoral foreign investment by $2.2 billion over a 7-year period, compared with "open" policy regimes. In terms of access to services, credit as a share of gross domestic product is on average 3.3 percentage points lower in countries with major restrictions on the establishment of foreign banks as compared with those that only impose operational restrictions.

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