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Rising food prices and household welfare : evidence from Brazil in 2008
 
Author:Ferreira, Francisco H. G.; Fruttero, Anna; Leite, Phillippe; Lucchetti, Leonardo; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5652
Country:World; Date Stored:2011/09/28
Document Date:2011/05/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Regional Economic Development; Rural Poverty Reduction; Markets and Market Access; Food & Beverage IndustryLanguage:English
Rel. Proj ID:1W-Locked Ssn Results Agenda -- -- P118659;Region:The World Region
Report Number:WPS5652Volume No:1 of 1

Summary: Food price inflation in Brazil in the twelve months to June 2008 was 18 percent, while overall inflation was seven percent. Using spatially disaggregated monthly data on consumer prices and two different household surveys, we estimate the welfare consequences of these food price increases, and their distribution across households. Because Brazil is a large food producer, with a predominantly wage-earning agricultural labor force, our estimates include general equilibrium effects on market and transfer incomes, as well as the standard estimates of changes in consumer surplus. While the expenditure (or consumer surplus) effects were large, negative and markedly regressive everywhere, the market income effect was positive and progressive, particularly in rural areas. Because of this effect on the rural poor, and of the partial protection afforded by increases in two large social assistance benefits, the overall impact of higher food prices in Brazil was U-shaped, with middle-income groups suffering larger proportional losses than the very poor. Nevertheless, since Brazil is 80 percent urban, higher food prices still led to a greater incidence and depth of poverty at the national level.

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