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Remittances and the brain drain revisited : the microdata show that more educated migrants remit more
 
Author:Bollard, Albert; McKenzie, David; Morten, Melanie; Rapoport, Hillel; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5113
Country:World; Date Stored:2009/11/04
Document Date:2009/11/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Finance
Rel. Proj ID:1W-Program Research Proposal In Finance -- -- P107616;Region:The World Region
Report Number:WPS5113Sub Sectors:General finance sector
SubTopics:Remittances; International Migration; Access & Equity in Basic Education; Debt Markets; Population PoliciesVolume No:1 of 1

Summary: Two of the most salient trends surrounding the issue of migration and development over the past two decades are the large rise in remittances, and an increased flow of skilled migration. However, recent literature based on cross-country regressions has claimed that more educated migrants remit less, leading to concerns that further increases in skilled migration will hamper remittance growth. This paper revisits the relationship between education and remitting behavior using microdata from surveys of immigrants in 11 major destination countries. The data show a mixed pattern between education and the likelihood of remitting, and a strong positive relationship between education and the amount remitted conditional on remitting. Combining these intensive and extensive margins gives an overall positive effect of education on the amount remitted. The microdata then allow investigation as to why the more educated remit more. The analysis finds that the higher income earned by migrants, rather than characteristics of their family situations, explains much of the higher remittances.

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