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Armed conflict and schooling : evidence from the 1994 Rwandan genocide, Volume 1
Author:Akresh, Richard; de Walque, Damien; Country:Rwanda;
Date Stored:2008/05/29Document Date:2008/04/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Primary Education; Education For All; Population Policies; Youth and Governance; Post Conflict Reconstruction
Report Number:WPS4606Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 4606
Volume No:1  

Summary: Civil war, and genocide in particular, are among the most destructive of social phenomena, especially for children of school-going age. In Rwanda school enrollment trends suggest that the school system recovered quickly after 1994, but these numbers do not tell the full story. Two cross-sectional household surveys collected before and after the genocide are used to compare children in the same age group who were and were not exposed to the genocide - and their educational outcomes are substantially different. Children exposed to the genocide experienced a drop in educational achievement of almost one-half year of completed schooling, and are 15 percentage points less likely to complete third or fourth grade. Sustained effort is needed to reinforce educational institutions and offer a "second chance" to those youth most affected by the conflict.

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