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Local conflict and development projects in Indonesia : part of the problem or part of a solution ?
 
Author:Barron, Patrick; Diprose, Rachael; Woolcock, Michael; Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 4212
Country:Indonesia; Date Stored:2007/04/17
Document Date:2007/04/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Post Conflict Reintegration; Education and Society; Rural Poverty Reduction; Population Policies; Development Economics & Aid EffectivenessLanguage:English
Major Sector:Health and other social servicesRel. Proj ID:ID-Social Inclusion -- -- P092021;
Region:East Asia and PacificReport Number:WPS4212
Sub Sectors:Other social servicesVolume No:1 of 1

Summary: Drawing on an integrated mixed methods research design, the authors explore the dynamics of the development-conflict nexus in rural Indonesia, and the specific role of development projects in shaping the nature, extent, and trajectories of "everyday" conflicts. They find that projects that give inadequate attention to dispute resolution mechanisms in many cases stimulate local conflict, either through the injection of development resources themselves or less directly by exacerbating preexisting tensions in target communities. But projects that have explicit and accessible procedures for managing disputes arising from the development process are much less likely to lead to violent outcomes. The authors argue that such projects are more successful in addressing project-related conflicts because they establish direct procedures (such as forums, facilitators, and complaints mechanisms) for dealing with tensions as they arise. These direct mechanisms are less successful in addressing broader social tensions elicited by, or external to, the development process, though program mechanisms can ameliorate conflict indirectly through changing norms and networks of interaction.

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