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Policies facilitating firm adjustment to globalization, Volume 1
 
Author:Hoekman, Bernard; Smarzynska Javorcik, Beata; Country:World;
Date Stored:2004/11/29Document Date:2004/11/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Economic Theory & Research; Banks & Banking Reform; Free Trade; Labor Policies; Health Economics & Finance; Decentralization
Language:EnglishRegion:The World Region
Report Number:WPS3441Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 3441
Volume No:1  

Summary: The authors focus on policies facilitating firm adjustment to globalization. They briefly review the effects of trade and investment liberalization on firms, focusing on within-industry effects. They postulate that governments' role in supporting the process is to (1) ensure that firms face "right" incentives to adjust, and (2) intervene in areas where market failures are present. Their main message is that while many policies could be adopted to address market failures, they need to be carefully designed and implemented in a stable macroeconomic environment. An institutional infrastructure that supports the functioning of modern markets is most important. Proactive support policies of whatever stripe should be subject to cost-benefit analysis, based on the existence of an identified market failure, and monitored for performance and cost effectiveness. Transparency and accountability are critical in ensuring that interventions accomplish their intended objectives rather than being vehicles for rent seeking.

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