Click here for search results
Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data - or tears : with an application to educational enrollments in states of India, Volume 1
 
Author:Filmer, Deon; Pritchett, Lant; Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 1994
Country:India; Date Stored:1998/11/17
Document Date:1998/10/31Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; International Terrorism & Counterterrorism; Economic Theory & Research; Poverty Assessment; Health Economics & Finance; ConsumptionLanguage:English
Major Sector:EducationRegion:South Asia
Report Number:WPS1994Sub Sectors:Other Education
Volume No:1  

Summary: This paper has an empirical and overtly methodological goal. The authors propose and defend a method for estimating the effect of household economic status on educational outcomes without direct survey information on income or expenditures. They construct an index based on indicators of household assets, solving the vexing problem of choosing the appropriate weights by allowing them to be determined by the statistical procedure of principal components. While the data for India cannot be used to compare alternative approaches they use data from Indonesia, Nepal, and Pakistan which have both expenditures and asset variables for the same households. With these data the authors show that not only is there a correspondence between a classification of households based on the asset index and consumption expenditures but also that the evidence is consistent with the asset index being a better proxy for predicting enrollments--apparently less subject to measurement error for this purpose--than consumption expenditures. The relationship between household wealth and educational enrollment of children can be estimated without expenditure data. A method for doing so - which uses an index based on household asset ownership indicators- is proposed and defended in this paper. In India, children from the wealthiest households are over 30 percentage points more likely to be in school than those from the poorest households.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 42 pagesOfficial version*2.94 (approx.)
TextText version**
How To Order
Light-Weight Documents
Lighter (less MB) documents which may or may not be the final, official version
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 38 pagesWPS19940.15

* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/KM86HKMDM0