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Development at the border : policies and national integration in Cote d'Ivoire and its neighbors, Volume 1
 
Author:Cogneau, Denis; Mesple-Somps, Sandrine; Spielvogel, Gilles; Country:Cote d'Ivoire;
Date Stored:2013/09/30Document Date:2013/09/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Regional Economic Development; Economic Theory & Research; Climate Change Economics; Emerging Markets; Population Policies
Language:EnglishRegion:Africa
Report Number:WPS6626Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6626
Volume No:1  

Summary: Regression discontinuity designs applied to a set of household surveys from the 1980-90s allow to examine whether Cote d'Ivoire's aggregate wealth was translated at the borders of neighboring countries. At the border of Ghana and at the end of the 1980s, large discontinuities are detected for consumption, child stunting, and access to electricity and safe water. Border discontinuities in consumption can be explained by differences in cash crop policies (cocoa and coffee). When these policies converged in the 1990s, the only differences that persisted were those in rural facilities. In the North, cash crop (cotton) income again made a difference for consumption and nutrition (the case of Mali). On the one hand, large differences in welfare can hold at the borders dividing African countries despite their assumed porosity. On the other hand, border discontinuities seem to reflect the impact of reversible public policies rather than intangible institutional traits.

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